OhioNET News

Congratulations to Cleveland Public Library as they celebrate their 150th anniversary this year!  Their celebrations launched with Director Felton Thomas reflecting on the State of the Library at the City Club of Cleveland on Feburary 27, and the festivities will continue with a number of other events in the CPL150 series.

Best wishes also to North Baltimore Public Library, celebrating an impressive 100th birthday on March 10!  The celebration will be from 2 to 4 p.m. at the library, featuring honorary remarks from a number of state and local leaders, historical displays, a performance from the North Baltimore High School Jazz Band, and refreshments.

We wish North Baltimore Public Library and Cleveland Public Library many happy returns!

by guest contributor, Carla Myers (Miami University Libraries)

Storytime can be one of the more popular programs libraries offer for their patrons. Throughout my career, I have frequently been asked about the copyright issues related to storytime and recently we’ve seen some questions about the legality of storytime discussed on listservs, so I thought we could explore this issue in this months’ column.

Unless the book being shared during storytime is in the public domain, then it is most likely protected by copyright. In the case of children’s picture books, these works usually contain text and images, both of which are eligible for protection under Section 102 of US copyright law.

Section 106 of US copyright law grants certain, exclusive rights to the authors of copyrightable works, including the right to publically perform (17 U.S.C. 106(5)) and publically display (17 U.S.C. 106(6)) these works. Section 101 of US copyright law defines these terms. It says that…

To “perform” a work means to recite, render, play, dance, or act it, either directly or by means of any device or process . . .

To “display” a work means to show a copy of it, either directly or by . . . any . . . device or process . . .

And that…

To perform or display a work “publicly” means—

  1. to perform or display it at a place open to the public or at any place where a substantial number of persons outside of a normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances is gathered; or
  2. to transmit or otherwise communicate a performance or display of the work to a place specified by clause (1) or to the public, by means of any device or process, whether the members of the public capable of receiving the performance or display receive it in the same place or in separate places and at the same time or at different times.

During storytime library staff are “performing” picture books by reading the text aloud. They are also, usually, also holding up the open book and “displaying” its illustrations for those in attendance to see. As libraries are places open to the public, this means that storytime results in a public performance and display of a copyrighted work and, as such, could be considered an infringement of the rightsholder’s Section 106 rights. Fortunately, libraries have exceptions like fair use available to consider when wishing to offer storytime for patrons. Fair use requires that we consider

  1. the purpose and character of our reuse of a copyrighted work;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work we’re reusing;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion we’ll be reusing; and
  4. the potential effect on the market for the original work.

In working through these four factors in relation to library’s in-person storytime programming, I would personally argue that:

  1. Characteristically, in-person library storytime programs involves a performance or display made to a small group of people in attendance, and our purpose in offering storytime is educational; we’re looking to develop a love of reading and promote literacy among those who attend.
  2. The nature of the works we’re sharing during storytime is often creative and colorfully illustrated picture books, but that’s because this level of literature is appropriate to our audience (usually young children).
  3. We’re performing and displaying the entire book during storytime, but I believe this is appropriate given the circumstances of the program. Not only could it be difficult to keep young children engaged if we only read a small portion of the book during story time, but if we’re looking to develop literacy skills in children then it is important to read through the whole work in an effort to help them understand plot development.
  4. Library storytime may actually help promote the purchase of books read during the program. If children hear a book during storytime and enjoy it, then they may wish to checkout the book so they can take it home. The more frequently a book is circulated, the more likely the library is to purchase additional copies to meet patron demand. If a child discovers a new favorite book during storytime, it could be that someone in their life chooses to purchase copy for them, which also increases the market for the book.

Technology presents an opportunity to change the nature of storytime, and these changes could impact a fair use determination. For example, recently discussions regarding the livestreaming of storytime have popped-up on some listservs. Storytime could also easily be videorecorded and posted to social media platforms like YouTube.

In-person library storytime involves a public performance and display of a copyrightable work to a small group. The livestreaming of storytime has the potential to expand the public performance and display of the work globally. In the case of videorecording storytime and posting it online, there is now the potential for people from across the world to watch the performance and display over-and-over again.

I personally feel a strong fair use argument can be made for in-person library storytime programming for the reasons I outlined above and, as far as I am aware, no library has ever been sued for this practice. That said, I think that library staff considering livestreaming storytime or posting videorecordings of storytime online would need to consider how these factors could impact a fair use determination. This may be one of those situations where library staff discuss their plans with their institution’s legal counsel in order to determine what legal risk may be involved with these practices.

 

Our longest-running training track, Fundamentals of Cataloging, will feature two in-person workshops this summer.  We’re happy to host you in one of our recently re-designed meeting spaces, featuring easily moveable furniture for group work and with plenty of room and equipment to support laptops, tablets and more. If you think you’d benefit from hands-on, face-to-face time with our workshop leader for these events, Misty Alvaro from Upper Arlington Public Library, plan to sign-up for these in-person, day-long workshops. Click the title links for more information and to register.

Fundamentals of Cataloging: Introduction and Basic Description Workshop
New to cataloging? Jump in and make yourself comfortable with common copy cataloging tasks, learn about basic cataloging concepts, and walk through the process of describing our most numerous resource—books.
Tuesday, June 18, 9:30 AM to 3:30 PM (with an hour-long break for lunch on your own)

Fundamentals of Cataloging: Introduction to Original Cataloging Workshop
Got local or unique items in need of catalog records? Join us to learn the skills needed to create MARC records from scratch. Attendees to this workshop MUST have copy-cataloging experience or have taken the Introduction and Basic Description workshop or webinars.
Tuesday, August 20, 9:30 AM to 3:30 PM (with an hour-long break for lunch on your own)

Our Cultivating Connections training track features events designed to help develop skills related to outreach, communication, programming, presenting, and more that can help us to better understand the diverse communities we serve. Over the next few months, we have three great webinars on the calendar to inform you and your colleagues about a variety of community-development topics. Click the title links for more information and to register. 

Libraries Lending Hope: Trauma-Informed Service
Libraries often find themselves on the frontline of many societal issues from addiction, to homelessness, to hunger, and more. This session will feature Dr. Meghan Harper, keynote presenter at the 2018 Opioids in Communities-Libraries in Response conferences.
Thursday, March 14, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

Get Started with Grant Writing
Grant writing can be a daunting process but we’re here to help. No matter where you’re applying, the pieces of a proposal are almost always the same. During this session, you will learn the elements of a proposal, what information to include in each element to enhance your chances of success, and more.
Tuesday, April 30, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

How to Grassroots: Limitless Possibilities through Community-based Solutions
Through both successes and failures, a diverse group of library staff members who have been working together for several years to learn about food insecurity across Ohio. In this session, representatives from Team Vittles will talk about their experience and give attendees tips on how to develop community partnerships and grassroots solutions.
Tuesday, May 21, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

OhioNET is offering to its members for the month of March special pricing on the Star Micronics TSP100 futurePRNT USB Thermal Receipt Printer.  This printer has many features, including:      

  • Internal Universal Power Supply                             
  • Drop In and Print
  • Auto Install Drivers
  • Digitally Signed by Microsoft®
  • Complete Software Solutions

                        

Star Micronics TSP100 futurePRNT USB Thermal Receipt Printer
w/Auto Cutter $219.45 *

(Includes Power Supply and 3-year factory warranty)
(Available in Gray Only)

* Thermal Receipt Paper is also available at $70.40 per case of 50 Rolls,
plus $12.00 Shipping per case.

 

For product availability, questions, or to place an order,
contact Pam Rossman, 800-686-8975 x 10 or email pamr@ohionet.org
To see what other products OhioNET has to offer, go to: http://www.ohionet.org/products

OhioNET is proud to partner with the State Library of Ohio for ILEAD USA – Ohio, and we would like to share our congratulations with the teams that have been accepted for the 2019 program.  Please join us in wishing them well.

The Bildungsroman Four:
Jessica Curtis, Westerville Public Library
Kellen Freeman, Delaware County District Library
Gillian Nance, Southwest Public Libraries
Rose Shaddy, Ohio Central School System

NEO Library Commuter’s Community:
Holly Kabat, Medina County District Library
Kalyn Kappelman, Reed Memorial Library
Forrest Kilb, Cleveland Public Library
Margaret Killman, Shaker Heights Public Library
Alison Leininger, Hudson City School District

Cultural Connections:
Danielle Bernert, Columbus College of Art and Design
Hilary Harlan, Bexley Public Library
Leann Schneider Webb, Bexley Public Library
Penelope Shumaker, State Library of Ohio

Tech To Go:
Natalie Amato, Cleveland Institute of Art
Katy Hite, Upper Arlington Public Library
Brandon Thomas, Columbus Metropolitan Library

ILEAD USA – Ohio is made possible by the State Library of Ohio and OhioNET with federal funds from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.  For additional information about ILEAD USA – Ohio, please contact Evan T. Struble (estruble@library.ohio.gov) or Christine Morris (christinem@ohionet.org).

For the past several months, OhioNET has been preparing to launch Consortia Manager (www.consortiamanager.com), a workflow software that will simplify our current subscription renewals process.  We are set to launch this new service on April 1 and will process all renewals set for July 1, 2019 and later using this platform. With this easy-to-use, self-service portal you will be able to easily

  • View all of your subscriptions in one place, at any time
  • Maintain an unlimited number of users and ability to create your own passwords
  • Update your library’s information, such as e-resource contacts, IP ranges, FTE/pop. served data, and more
  • Keep track of historical, current, and upcoming pricing
  • View and print invoicing information for subscriptions
  • See your savings by comparing list pricing with OhioNET's discounted renewal pricing

If you work with OhioNET to manage your e-resource subscriptions, plan to join us for an overview and demonstration of this new service. Sign-up for either session below. Plan to attend in real-time to ask questions of the software developer/trainer and our Electronic Resources Program Manager, Carrie Waibel.  Can’t make it in real-time?  Register for either session and automatically get a follow-up email within 24-hours containing a link to view the archived recording.

Welcome to Consortia Manager!
Thursday, March 28, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM

Welcome to Consortia Manager!

Wednesday, April 3, 10:00 AM to 11:00 AM

Libraries Connect Ohio—a partnership among OPLIN, OhioLINK, INFOhio, and the State Library of Ohio—works to provide access to e-resource content to all Ohioans.  Join us for this series as we explore our statewide resources. Upcoming sessions include:

Exploring our State-side Resources: African American Heritage and Fold3 
Wednesday, Mar. 13th, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM
Presenters: Sarah Palmer (EBSCO) and Anne Wachs (Washington-Centerville Public Library)

Exploring our Statewide Resources: Business Reference Sources 
Thursday, April 25, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM
 
Presenters: Joe Ceterski (EBSCO) and Megan Sheeran (Upper Arlington Public Library) 

Exploring our Statewide Resources: Transparent Language
Tuesday, May 14, 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM 
Presenters: Lauren Garcaz (Transparent Language) and Megan Sheeran (Upper Arlington Public Library) 

Click on the titles for more information and to register. Registration will guarantee that you receive links to the recorded session.

Keep your collection looking healthy and in good circulating condition--join us for this one-day workshop demonstrating the basics of these money-saving techniques. OhioNET’s popular and practical workshop, Basic Book Repair, returns with a SPRING presentation.  Lead by Dr. Miriam Kahn, this day-long, hands-on session will teach high quality, less damaging repair techniques. Attendees will learn how to repair torn pages, tip-in loose pages, tighten hinges, reattach broken hinges, and repair spines simply and easily.  With plenty of time to practice and a set of supplies and tools to take home, you can confidently start completing long-overdue repairs.  Save money and extend the life of your general collection—CLICK HERE to register now!   

Registration for this event closes Apr 3rd and space is limited

This workshop is a great stepping stone to our Advanced Book Repair and Structure which covers preservation strategies and options for local and unique items. 

 

Like so many others, we have been shocked by the sudden passing of our colleague and former Board member Clyde Scoles.  We join the library community in our condolences to Clyde's family and our friends at the Toledo-Lucas County Public Library, and we wish them comfort as we all reflect on the many gifts Clyde shared in his time with us.